(秋田犬, Akita-inu, Japanese pronunciation: [akʲita.
inɯ]) is a large breed of dog originating from the mountainous northern regions of Japan. There are two separate varieties of Akita
: a Japanese strain, commonly called "Akita
Inu" ("inu" means "dog" in Japanese), or "Japanese Akita
"; and an American strain, known as the "Akita
" or "American Akita
". The Japanese strain called the Akita
Inu comes in a narrow palette of colors, with all other colors considered atypical of the breed, while the American strain known simply as the Akita
comes in all dog colors. The Akita
has a short double-coat similar to that of many other northern spitz breeds such as the Siberian Husky, but long-coated dogs can be found in many litters due to a recessive gene.
is a powerful, independent and dominant breed, commonly aloof with strangers but affectionate with family members. As a breed, Akitas are generally hardy, but they have been known to be susceptible to various genetic conditions and can be sensitive to certain drugs.
In all countries (except the United States and Canada) the Japanese and American strains of Akita
are considered two separate breeds. In the United States and Canada, however, the two strains are considered a single breed with differences in type. For a while, the American strain of Akita
was known in some countries as the "Great Japanese Dog". Both forms of Akita
are probably best known worldwide from the true story of Hachikō, a loyal Akita
who lived in Japan before World War II. (Wikipedia)