Definition of «jacana»

Jacana (genus)

Jacana is the genus comprising the two jacanas of the Americas: the northern jacana, Jacana spinosa, and the wattled jacana, Jacana jacana.

These birds are very similar to each other: about 22 cm (8.

7 in) long, with long necks and fairly long yellow bills. Adults are black and chestnut-brown, with pale yellow-green flight feathers that contrast conspicuously when a bird flies. Their legs are long and grayish, and as in all jacanas, their toes are extremely long, for walking on aquatic vegetation such as lily pads. They have frontal shields (like those of coots) and wattles; differences in these are the most noticeable differences between the species. Juveniles are brown above and white below, with a buff-white stripe above the eye and a dark stripe behind it. The dark colors are somewhat darker on the juvenile wattled jacana than on the northern.

Together the species occur in marshes in the American tropics and subtropics. The northern jacana's range meets that of the wattled jacana in western Panama.

As in most other jacanas, males build the nests, incubate, and brood the chicks. Both these species are polyandrous, at least in some circumstances. Females lay separate clutches (of four eggs) for up to four mates, each of which tends his clutch alone.

For the etymology and pronunciation of Jacana, see the family article. (Wikipedia)

Sentences with «jacana» (usage examples):

  • The wetlands of Kakadu are a birdwatcher's paradise, due to the immense concentration of waterbirds, including magpie geese, whistling ducks, great egrets, royal spoonbills, black-winged stilts, great-billed herons, brolgas, comb-crested jacanas and black-necked storks (jabirus). (
  • Look for black turtles, whistling ducks, roseate spoonbills, cormorants, anhingas, blue heron, and northern jacanas. (
  • Enjoy exploring the lake to find cormorants, horned screamers, kingfishers, herons, panguanas, parrots, and jacanas in the areas close to the lodge. (
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