Definition of «xians»

Xian (state)

Xian (Chinese: 弦) was a minor state of the Western Zhou and Spring and Autumn periods, whose capital was located at modern-day Qishui, Huangzhou District. While it controlled only a small territory along the Yangtze, the Wei clan (隗) that ruled Xian maintained far-reaching diplomatic and marital relations with many neighboring states. (Wikipedia)

Xian (Taoism)

Xian (Chinese: 仙/仚/僊; pinyin: xiān; Wade–Giles: hsien) is a Chinese word for an enlightened person, translatable in English as:

"spiritually immortal; transcendent; super-human; celestial being" (in Daoist philosophy and cosmology)

"physically immortal; immortal person; immortalist; saint" (in Daoist religion and pantheon)

"alchemist; one who seeks the elixir of life; one who practices longevity techniques" or by extension "(alchemical, dietary, qigong) methods for attaining immortality" (in Chinese alchemy)

"wizard; magician; shaman" (in Chinese mythology)

"genie; elf, fairy; nymph" (in popular Chinese literature, 仙境 xian jing is "fairyland", faery)

"sage living high in the mountains; mountain-man; hermit; recluse" (folk etymology for the character 仙)

"immortal (talent); accomplished person; celestial (beauty); marvelous; extraordinary" (metaphorical modifier)Xian semantically developed from meaning spiritual "immortality; enlightenment", to physical "immortality; longevity" involving methods such as alchemy, breath meditation, and tai chi, and eventually to legendary and figurative "immortality".

The xian archetype is described by Victor H. Mair.

They are immune to heat and cold, untouched by the elements, and can fly, mounting upward with a fluttering motion. They dwell apart from the chaotic world of man, subsist on air and dew, are not anxious like ordinary people, and have the smooth skin and innocent faces of children. The transcendents live an effortless existence that is best described as spontaneous. They recall the ancient Indian ascetics and holy men known as ṛṣi who possessed similar traits.


According to the Digital Dictionary of Buddhism, Chinese xian (仙) can mean Sanskrit ṛṣi (rishi "inspired sage in the Vedas"). (Wikipedia)

Xian (surname)

Xian (Chinese: 咸) is Chinese surname. Cantonese the Haam, old Chinese the Ham, Hahm.

It could refer to the surname 冼 which was chosen to replace the rare character surname Shan which cannot be displayed on a computer with normal coding. Two hundred people from Gaozhuang Village were affected although people who already registered with their original name were allowed to keep it. The choice was controversial as some people saw that future generations would forget their name. (Wikipedia)

Xian (abbreviation)

Xian (sometimes Xtian) is a common abbreviation for the word Christian. The X comes from the Greek letter Chi, the first letter of the Greek word Χριστός, Khristós, Latinized as Christus, and ultimately Anglicized as Christ. The -ian is an adjective-forming suffix originating from the equivalent Latin suffix -ianus. The abbreviation follows a pattern similar to that of Xmas. It is generally reserved for highly informal writing. The abbreviation is sometimes used in place of the male given name Christian.

The Oxford English Dictionary records Xtian as an adjective and a noun, first cited in 1845 (although Xtianity for Christianity is cited in 1634), but does not include Xian. Xian can be seen in use in The Diary of Samuel Rogers, 1634-1638, where a footnote to the printed edition states that "Throughout his diary, Rogers abbreviates 'Christ' to 'X' and the same is true of 'Christian' ('Xian'), 'Antichrist' ('AntiX') and related words.

" (Wikipedia)

Xian (disambiguation)

Xi'an or Xian (西安) is the capital of Shaanxi province, China.

Xian may also refer to:

Xiàn (县/縣), a county, an administrative division in China

Xiàn (县/縣), a county, an administrative division in Taiwan

Xian (state) (弦), a minor state during the Zhou dynasty

Xian (surname) (咸), a Chinese surname

Xian (Taoism) (仙), a Daoist immortal

Xian County (献县/獻縣), a county in the Cangzhou prefecture, Hebei province, China

Various posthumous names of several rulers, see Emperor Xian (disambiguation)

Kun Xian Ho, Singaporean fighting games player usually known simply as Xian

Xian (abbreviation), an abbreviation for the word Christian

Xi'an may also refer to:

Xi'an District, Mudanjiang (西安区), in Heilongjiang, China

Xi'an District, Liaoyuan (西安区), formerly Xi'an County, in Jilin, China

Xi'an, Taoyuan (西安镇), town in Taoyuan County, Hunan, China (Wikipedia)

Sentences with «xians» (usage examples):

  • Yang Fudong, «Seven Intellectuals in Bamboo Forest, Part I, (Zhu li qi xian)», video, sound by Jin Wang, 2003, edition of seven. (
  • whenever i wear my tie that says «kill all xians» to a job interview, all them christians in there freak out man, you know? (
  • i m honest educated university graduated engineer lecturer on technical institutes visiting in xian for bussines and tourism. (
  • (see more)
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